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  #1  
Okunmamış 19-12-2009, 03:14 PM
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Okunmamış 19-12-2009, 06:17 PM
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Standart Cevap: sultan ahmet camii ingilizce tanıtımı

Blue Mosque
Location
Sultanahmet
City
Istanbul
Phone
0212/458-0776


This grand bubble of masonryhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif one of the great and defining features of Istanbul's skylinehttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif was constructed between 1609 and 1617 by Sultan Ahmet Ihttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif who was not only driven by a desire to leave behind an imperial namesake mosquehttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif but was also determined to build a monument to rival the Ayasofya. So great was the Sultan's ambition that he had one unfortunate architect executed before finally choosing Mehmet Agahttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif probably a student of Sinanhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif who came up with a plan commonly accepted as impossible to build.

The design is a scheme of successively descending smaller domes that addresses the problem of creating a large covered interior space. The overall effect is one of such great harmonyhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif gracehttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif and power that it's impossible to walk away from this building unaffected.

There are several legends associated with the construction of the six minarets. One says that the sultan's desire for gold minarets -- altin in Turkish -- was understood as altihttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif or six.

Whatever the reasoninghttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif the construction challenged the preeminence of the mosque in Meccahttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif which at the time also had six minarets. The ensuing scandalhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif both in and out of Istanbulhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif resulted in the sultan's ordering the construction of a seventh minaret at the Kaa'ba.

The mosque was completed after just over 6 1/2 years of work and to this day remains one of the finest examples of classical Ottoman architecture. The original complex included a soup kitchenhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif a medrese (Muslim theological school)http://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif a primary schoolhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif a hospitalhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif and a market. A türbehttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif or mausoleumhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif stands at the corner of the grounds near the Hippodrome and Sultanahmet Parkhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif and houses the remains of the Sultan Ahmet Ihttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif his wifehttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif

Kösemhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif and three of his sons. It also contains some fine examples of calligraphy on cobalt blue Iznik tile.

The main entrance (for worshipers; tourists must enter from a portal on the south side) is off the Hippodromehttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif beneath the symbolic chain that required even the sultan to bow his head when he arrived on horseback.

Walk straight through the garden up to the main marbled courtyard of the mosque and you'll see an ablution fountainhttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif no longer in use.

The working ablution fountains are located at ground level of the northern facade facing the Ayasofya. Visitors should enter from the opposite side (from the Hippodrome entrancehttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif follow the garden path diagonally to your right to the south side of the mosque).

If you plan your visit during the morning hours when the sun is still angled from the easthttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif the first effect once inside will be one of blindness as the light penetrates the stained glasshttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif creating an illusion of false darkness. As your eyes adjusthttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif the swirling blueshttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif greenshttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif redshttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif and yellows from the tile and stained glass increase the impression of immensity and grandeur.
Kaynak: Delinetciler Paylaşım Forumu [Linkler için 10 saniyede ücretsiz üyelik... ]

The abundant use of decorative tile represents the pinnacle of Iznik tile craftsmanshiphttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif evident in the rich yet subtle blues and greens in traditional Ottoman patterns of lilieshttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif tulipshttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif and carnations. The overall dominance of blue prompted the mosque's early visitors to label it the Blue Mosquehttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif a name that sticks to this day.


Lateral half domes resting on enormous elephantine columns (actually called elephant foot pillars) enhance the sense of open spacehttp://www.delinetciler.net/forum/im...ies/virgul.gif but critics contend that the pillars are too overbearing and cumbersome.

The elegant medallions facing the mihrab bear the names of Allah and Mohammed; the ones opposite are decorated with the names of the first four caliphs who ruled the Islamic world.
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